- Working at Heights
According to Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA), the agency responsible for workplace safety in the United States, 13 people die every day in work-related incidents. In Canada, more than 2.5 deaths occur every single day.
Esquire.com reports (2016) there is a vast improvement in work place safety. Over the past 40 years, workplace fatality rates have dropped by 66 percent, a result of huge advancements in safety processes, legislated standards, and employers? focus on safety culture. CBC reports similar results for Canada. In 1987 there were almost 50 work-related injuries per 1,000 employed workers in Canada. By 2010, that number had fallen to about 15 per 1,000. As dramatic as these reductions are, there are still occupations fraught with danger.
The Canadian Centre for Occupational Health and Safety reports that in 2014, there were 919 workplace deaths recorded in Canada. Among these were 13 young workers aged 15 ? 19 years, and another 25 workers aged 20 ? 24 years. The most dangerous industry in Canada is construction, with 22% of all fatalities, followed by manufacturing, government services, and transportation.
Chapter 1: Operator Fundamentals
This chapter begins by describing operator responsibilities, employer responsibilities, and the various manuals operators must read before using their machine. Next, it reviews the various signal words used on the machine to alert operators of the hazards present on the aerial platform. The course then describes the personal protective equipment when working on an aerial platform. Finally, the material describes the components of a fall restraint system and discusses documentation requirements.
Chapter 2: Machine Fundamentals
This chapter covers information about how the machine works. It includes descriptions of straight telescoping and articulating boom supported aerial platform types, as well as their various components and the proper component sequencing. The course reviews important information about the machine, including the maximum platform height and reach, unrestricted and restricted capacity, and rated gradability. It also discusses issues affecting the machine?s stability, different types of steering, operating on slopes, attachments and modifications, and safety features.
Chapter 3: Pre-Operational Inspections
Before operating an aerial platform, operators must conduct a full inspection of their machine. This chapter covers the requirements of walk-around inspections and the steps for completing function tests of both ground and platform controls, according to ANSI standards
Chapter 4: Safe Operation Guidelines
In this chapter operators learn how to avoid damage, injury, and fatality through safe operation of their machine. The chapter begins with safe start-up procedures, including survey of the work area, proper mounting of the machine, and cautions related to working in enclosed spaces. The course then covers safety rules related to operating the machine and platform safety. Next, the chapter reviews common hazards and concludes with shutdown procedures, dismounting, and fueling practices.
Chapter 5: Scissor Lifts
Operating a scissor lift is similar to operating a boom supported aerial platform. This chapter describes the two main types of scissor lifts (manual and powered), and the main functions of the various scissor lift components including the pothole protection device, extension platform, safety prop bar, and auxiliary system.
Aerial Platform training addresses the following important topics:
- Responsibilities of the operator and employer
- The importance of operator manuals and signal words
- Required personal protective equipment
- Different types of aerial platforms and their components
- The machine?s stability
- Aerial platform attachments and modifications
- Walk-around inspection and function test
- Operational hazards
- Safe start-up, operation, shutdown, and fuelling procedures
- Scissor lift components